Medicare Managed Care



NASL 2021 Issue Briefs:


NASL 2021 Legislative Priorities


Stop the Cuts to the CY 2022 Medicare Physician Fee Schedule


Expand access to Digital Health, Including Telehealth and Remote Patient Monitoring Services, in Medicare


Hospital Observation Status Harms Beneficiaries' Access to Medicare's Skilled Nursing Benefit


COVID-19 Helpful Links


The Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (BBA) established a new Part C of the Medicare program, known then as the Medicare+Choice (M+C), effective January 1999. As part of the M+C program, the BBA authorized CMS to contract with public or private organizations to offer a variety of health plan options for beneficiaries, including both traditional managed care plans (such as those offered by HMOs under §1876 of the Social Security Act) and new options that were not previously authorized. Four types of M+C plans were authorized under the new Part C of Medicare:

  • Coordinated care plans, including:
    • Health Maintenance Organizations (HMOs) (with or without Point-ofService options (POS));
    • Provider Sponsored Organizations (PSOs) and 
    • Preferred Provider Organizations (PPOs);
  • Medicare Medical Savings Account (MSA) plans;
  • Private Fee-for-Service (PFFS) plans; and
  • Religious Fraternal Benefit (RFB) plans.

Medicare Managed Care Manual

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